Most people will suffer from lower back pain at some point in their lives. Men and women suffer equally. Most back pain only lasts for a short time, but chronic back pain can be life-changing.

The causes can vary, but there are some common triggers.

Muscle or Ligament Sprain or Strain

A strain is when a muscle stretches too far and tears, damaging the muscle. A sprain happens when the stretching impacts the ligaments connecting the bones.

Both can happen easily, often when lifting something heavy, twisting, or making sudden movements. Overuse can also cause pain. An intense workout after several days of not exercising can also cause back pain.

This type of pain often clears up with rest, at-home remedies, and over-the-counter medications.

Disc Issues

The weight of the upper body puts stress on the lower body, sometimes causing disc problems. The spine supports it all and sometimes the cartilage between the vertebrae, also known as discs, wears away or gets damaged. This can cause pain.

If the pain radiates down the buttocks and the leg, it’s called sciatica because it involves the sciatic nerve that runs down the leg.

Other Conditions

Several other chronic conditions can cause lower back pain. As we age, it becomes more difficult for the joints and ligaments to keep the spine positioned properly. A vertebra can move more than it should and press on the nerves surrounding it. It’s called spondylolisthesis.

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord that puts pressure on the nerves. Bone spurs can cause the narrowing.

Sometimes, a serious medical problem could be causing back pain. It might be an infection, tumor, kidney stone, or something else. These conditions sometimes come with a fever, worsening of pain, weight loss, urination problems, or numbness in the groin. If you have one of these red flags, make sure to seek medical treatment.

Preventing Lower Back Pain

Sometimes injuries just happen, but there are ways to prevent some lower back pain.

  • Have good posture.
  • Lift with your knees, not your back.
  • Exercise to strengthen your back and the muscles that support it, including the core muscles.
  • Keep moving and resist the urge to rest too much, even if there is pain.

If home remedies don’t work to ease your pain, the professionals at Arkansas Pioneer Chiropractic can help. We have been helping patients for more than 30 years. Our consultations are free. Contact us today.